Animal welfare crisis – a perfect storm that will lead to an increase in animal hoarding?

Social media and animal welfare

Having previously used social media to keep in contact with friends and up to date with areas of interests, I have only recently become aware of the world of animal welfare pages, especially the pages and groups focused on equine welfare.  Initially I followed a few to keep abreast with what was happening in the UK, and further afield.  Quickly I became saddened by the relentless stream of truly dreadful stories about equine abuse, neglect, suffering, damage and death.  I’ve had a volunteer equine role for over 20 years, one that is well underpinned by my mental health training and experience, however the level of harm and deliberate pain inflicted on animals by some individuals was shocking.

I then became concerned about the use of social media, when combined with the general public’s kindness and concern about the welfare of animals, being used to generate scams or hoaxes, one of which I describe in an earlier blog https://bronwizview.wordpress.com/2014/01/01/animal-welfare-hoaxing-the-role-of-social-media-and-the-impacts-on-those-involved/

Animal welfare crisis

All of the horse welfare agencies, both large and small, are clear that there is a welfare crisis in the UK.  Lee Hackett, Director of Equine Policy with the British Horse Society recently wrote about the current situation of many horses being ‘rescued’ to face further neglect.  His view is that for some horses, euthanasia is preferable to being passed from pillar to post and experiencing chronic, long term suffering. His article can be found here; http://www.bhs.org.uk/our-charity/press-centre/news/jan-to-jun-2014/rescue-me.

It is not just horses; there is a massive dog, cat and other smaller companion animal problem too.  The RSPCA states that its centres are now at crisis point and has just published report, “Tackling the cat crisis” which can be found here; http://www.rspca.org.uk/ImageLocator/LocateAsset?asset=document&assetId=1232734779317&mode=prd. It highlights the need for neutering and the concerns about multi-cat households where the welfare of both animals and people is compromised. Usefully the report describes the importance of multi agency working, especially involving housing providers.

A perfect storm

There is a perfect storm brewing where we are likely to see an unprecedented increase in animal hoarding cases involving all companion animals, including horses and ponies.  All the equine welfare organisations are full.  A small horse rescue centre told me recently that they get calls every day from agencies, such as councils, who phone round to all the rescue organisations, trying to persuade them to take in animals. There are thousands of horses deemed to be at risk of becoming welfare cases.

Rather than horses being euthanised or going for slaughter people are encouraged, especially on social media sites, to take animals on to avoid them being ‘killed’. These pages often use language such as ‘baby’, ‘poor’ and ‘cute’  when describing an animal promoting an emotional response in readers, some of whom will feel compelled to help, perhaps against their better judgement.   It is likely that this will result in individuals taking on animals they cannot afford or for which they have no room. Very probably these recue animals will come with complex physical and behavioural issues and may be unmanageable.

Don’t get me wrong, I would, rather that horses (and other animals in need) had a good home and lived happily in to a ripe old age than go for slaughter or be euthanised.  Some will be lucky, will find excellent homes and be fine, but a number will not. Many of the animals who become welfare cases will have been poorly bred resulting in conformation problems making them unusable for riding. They come with damaging worm burdens, other parasites or the effects of ragwort poisoning or consumed toxins. They can require significant dental work, farriery, veterinary attention and investigations.  They may need specialist feed and medication.  None of this is cheap. They may still need to be euthanised at the end of treatment that has been expensive for the humans and stressful for the animal.

Animal hoarding is often joked about and brings to mind images of the local cat lady.  In reality animal hoarding is no joke for the people involved, their dependants, the animals hoarded, their neighbours and communities.  Animal hoarding often starts by well meaning individuals rescuing and caring for animals which then gets out of hand and the animals end up in a worse state than before they were ‘rescued’, as described in my recent article in Mental Health Practice found here; http://rcnpublishing.com/doi/pdfplus/10.7748/mhp2014.03.17.6.35.e868     

Before any of us takes on an animal as a ‘rescue’ we need to think beyond our current situation, what happens if we or a member of our family gets sick. How will we manage if we lose some or all of our income.  If we take in an equine will our current grazing / stabling always be available.  It may be possible to manage now but companion animals will live for some years and horses live for a long time, will we still be able to manage day to day when we, and they, are twenty plus years older.

Taking on any animal is a responsibility, taking on a horse or pony is a long term commitment and a rescue one comes with possible physical and psychological problems which require significant financial, time and emotional resources. Taking on an animal to make things ‘better’ for it may make life worse in the long run for it, and for the individual ‘rescuing’ it.

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